Coherence of reducibilities with randomness notions

News
1 Feb 2016, accepted by TOCS

Title
Coherence of reducibilities with randomness notions

Type
Full paper

Journal
TOCS, post proceedings of CCR2016

Abstract
Loosely speaking, when $A$ is “more random” than $B$ and $B$ is “random”,
then $A$ should be random.
The theory of algorithmic randomness has some formulations of “random” sets
and “more random” sets.
In this paper, we study which pairs $(R,r)$ of randomness notions $R$
and reducibilities $r$ have the follwing property:
if $A$ is $r$-reducible to $B$ and $A$ is $R$-random,
then $B$ should be $R$-random.
The answer depends on the notions $R$ and $r$.
The implications hold for most pairs, but not for some.
We also give characterizations of $n$-randomness via complexity.

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Using Almost-Everywhere Theorems from Analysis to Study Randomness

News
10 Oct 2016, published online
29 Feb 2016, Accepted by BSL
May 2015, Resubmitted.
3 Nov 2014. Submitted

Title
Using Almost-Everywhere Theorems from Analysis to Study Randomness
(with Jing Zhang and Andre Nies)

Type
Full paper

Journal
The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic, Volume 22, Issue 3
September 2016, pp. 305-331
arXiv
The latest version is here.

Abstract
We study algorithmic randomness notions via effective versions of almost-everywhere theorems from analysis and ergodic theory. The effectivization is in terms of objects described by a computably enumerable set, such as lower semicomputable functions. The corresponding randomness notions are slightly stronger than Martin-Lo ̈f (ML) randomness. We establish several equivalences. Given a ML-random real z, the additional randomness strengths needed for the following are equivalent.
(1) all effectively closed classes containing z have density 1 at z.
(2) all nondecreasing functions with uniformly left-c.e. increments are differentiable at z.
(3) z is a Lebesgue point of each lower semicomputable integrable function.
We also consider convergence of left-c.e. martingales, and convergence in the sense of Birkhoff’s pointwise ergodic theorem. Lastly we study randomness notions for density of $\Pi^0_n$ and $\Sigma^1_1$ classes.

Reducibilities relating to Schnorr randomness

News
22 Sep 2014. Accepted to publish in TOCS
24 Mar 2014. Submitted

Title
Reducibilities relating to Schnorr randomness

Type
Full paper

Journal
Theory of Computing Systems, 58(3), 441-462, 2016.
DOI: 10.1007/s00224-014-9583-3

Abstract
Some measures of randomness have been introduced for Martin- L ̈of randomness such as K-reducibility, C-reducibility and vL-reducibility. In this paper we study Schnorr-randomness versions of these reducibilities. In particular, we characterize the computably-traceable reducibility via relative Schnorr randomness, which was asked in Nies’ book (Problem 8.4.22). We also show that Schnorr reducibility implies uniform-Schnorr-randomness version of vL-reducibility, which is the Schnorr-randomness version of the result that K-reducibility implies vL-reducibility.

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